Fifth UN Conference on the LDCs (UNLDC-V)
As the Istanbul Programme of Action for the Least Developed Countries (IPOA) is coming to end in 2020, the General Assembly agreed to convene the Fifth United Nations Conference on the LDCs (UNLDC-V) in Doha, Qatar, from 21 to 25 March 2021, at the highest possible level, including Heads of State and Government.
At the UNLDC-V Conference, the international community is expected to:
The new 10-year programme of action for the LDCs will be adopted at a critical time, as it will coincide with the last 10 years of implementation of the 2030 Agenda.
The UNLDC-V Conference is to be preceded by a preparatory process based on country-level, regional and global substantive reviews, involving all major IPoA stakeholders. The outcomes of these inclusive and broad-based reviews of all IPoA priorities will feed into the work of the Intergovernmental Preparatory Committee, which will meet twice, on 27-30 July 2020 and 11-15 January 2021, to agree on elements of the new programme of action for the LDCs that will then be finalized and adopted by the Doha Conference. UN-OHRLLS would be the focal point for the preparations of the Conference.
Other United Nations system organizations, as well as the World Bank and IMF, the World Trade Organization and other relevant international and regional organizations, are also invited to provide support to the preparatory process and to the Conference itself. Furthermore, the General Assembly called on Resident Coordinators and country teams to be fully involved especially in the country and regional level preparations for the Conference.
The decision of the General Assembly represents the will of the international community to continue to place support for the group of poorest and most vulnerable countries at the top of the international agenda. The decision must be seen against the backdrop of almost 4 decades of efforts by the international community to address the particular needs of the least developed countries. The previous four UN Conferences on LDCs were held in Paris (twice), Belgium (sponsored by EU) and Turkey. These Conferences drew broad participation from all LDC stakeholders.