The Post-2015 Development Agenda and the LDCs

This focus page aims at providing an outline of the processes established by the Rio+20 outcome as well as those related to the Post-2015 Development Agenda with a focus on the Least Developed Countries.

United Nations Task Team on the Post-2015 UN Development Agenda

The Secretary-General decided to constitute a system-wide interagency mechanism, the UN System Task Team on the Post-2015 UN Development Agenda, in September 2011.The Task Team presented its report: “Realizing the Future We Want for All” to the UN Secretary-General in January 2012. The report calls for an integrated policy approach to ensure inclusive economic development, social progress and environmental sustainability through a bold vision for transformative change towards inclusive, people-centered, and sustainable development. In addition to the final report, the Task Team produced several thematic think pieces on key development issues, including one on vulnerable countries prepared by OHRLLS.

OHRLLS continues to contribute to the activities of the Task Team and is preparing background documents for example on productive capacity.

Secretary-General’s High Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda

The Secretary-General established a High-Level Panel on Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda as part of the consultative process mandated by Member States. The Panel released its report on May, 30 2013 in New York. The document reflects new development challenges drawing on experiences gained in implementing the MDGs and identifies new areas that were not sufficiently addressed previously. It sets the eradication of extreme poverty by 2030 as its overarching goal and articulates a vision founded in five big transformative shifts: 1) Leave no one behind, 2) put sustainable development at the core, 3) transform economies for jobs and inclusive growth, 4) build peace and effective, open and accountable institutions for all and 5) forge a new global partnership.

Report of the Secretary-General: A life of dignity for all: accelerating progress towards the Millennium Development Goals and the United Nations development agenda beyond 2015

The High-Level Panel’s report also served as a key input to the Secretary-General’s own report: “A life of dignity for all: accelerating progress towards the Millenium Development Goals and advancing the United Nations development agenda beyond 2015″. The report urges all stakeholders to renew efforts towards achieving the MDGs by the end of 2015 and calls for a new vision and a responsible framework that builds on “the integration of economic growth, social justice and environmental stewardship”. The post-2015 development agenda must be universal and will require profound economic transformation and a new global partnership. The report recognizes the specific challenges faced by the most vulnerable countries and encourage action by the international community to address the challenges of the least developed countries in various key areas.

President of the General Assembly’s Special Event towards achieving the MDGs

The 67th President of the UN General Assembly hosted a special event  on September 25, 2013 to follow up on efforts made towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals. The special event concluded with the adoption of an outcome document by Member States in which Heads of State and Government renewed their commitment towards achieving the MDGs and agreed to hold a high-level Summit in September 2015 to adopt a new set of goals.

United Nations Development Group consultative process

As part of the multi-stakeholder consultative process at all levels requested in the High-level Meeting on the MDGs in 2010, The United Nations Development Group (UNDGnational consultations in around 100 developing countries complemented by global thematic consultations on inequalities; health; education; growth and employment; environmental sustainability; food security and nutrition; governance; conflict, violence and disaster; population dynamics; water and energy. The UNDG has furthermore conducted a global consultation open to everyone that seeks to bring priorities of people from every corner of the world through a series of online discussions on key issues for the Post-2015 Development Agenda.

Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

The outcome document of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) called for the establishment of an intergovernmental Open Working Group (OWG) on SDGs that will submit a report to the General Assembly at its sixty-eighth session.. The Rio outcome declared that the process to formulate SDGs should be coordinated and coherent with the post-2015 development agenda and they should address in a balanced way all three dimensions of sustainable development.

The Open Working Group has convened six sessions, starting with a first meeting on 14-15 March, and is expected to submit, by September 2014, a document outlining potential SDGs to the 68th session of the UN General Assembly.

The OWG dedicated  its sixth session to the needs of countries in special situations, African countries, LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS as well as means of implementation, global partnerships for achieving sustainable development and human rights, the right to development and global governance. Leaving no one behind and addressing the special needs of LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS was accentuated during this session. The summary of the co-chairs highlighted the prominent role of the Istanbul Programme of Action (IPoA) for post-2015. Thus, the post-2015 development agenda must incorporate the key priorities contained in the IPoA, namely building productive capacities across the economies of the LDCs, infrastructural development, enhancement of international market access, etc.

Prior to this session, OHRLLS organized a consultative meeting with the participation of Permanent Representatives from LDCs and the Group of Friends of LDCs. The meeting focused on how to best reflect LDCs concerns and priorities in the formulation of a global development agenda beyond 2015. OHRLLS produced a thematic summary with the results of the deliberations.

More information on the OWG, including calendar of meetings and background documents is accessible here.

Intergovernmental Committee of Experts on Sustainable Development Financing

The Rio+20 outcome document established the Intergovernmental Committee of Experts on Sustainable Development Financing under the auspices of the General Assembly and with technical support from the UN system with a view to prepare a report proposing options on an effective sustainable development financing strategy. The group is tasked to asses financing needs, consider the effectiveness, consistency and synergies of existing instruments and frameworks, and evaluate additional initiatives. The Committee met for the first time on 28-30 August, 2013 and a second time from 2-6 December 2013 at UN Headquarters. A third session is scheduled from 3-7 March 2013.

More information on the work of the committee and upcoming sessions is available here.

Background documents

The State of the LDCs 2013: Productive Capacity Building in the LDCs and the Post-2015 Development Agenda

UN System Technical Support Team – Thematic Think Piece: Productive capacity building in most vulnerable countries

UN System Task Team on the Post-2015 UN Development Agenda – Thematic Think Piece: Countries with special needs

Post-2015 Development Agenda: Streamlining Priorities of Least Developed Countries

ESCAP: Achieving the MDGs in Asia and the Pacific: Bangkok Declaration of the Asia-Pacific LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS on the Development Agenda beyond 2015

Least Developed Countries – Factsheet

Events

9-13 December 2013
6th session of the OWG on the SDGs, which included meetings focused on needs of countries in special situations

8-9 November 2013

OHRLLS Consultative Meeting: LDCs priorities in the post-2015 development agenda and the SDG

27 September 2013
LDC Graduation: The Way Towards MDG Acceleration, Sustainable Development and Structural Transformation

23 September 2013
High-level Event on “Sustainable Energy for the Least Developed Countries”

5 June 2013
LDC Caucus at the sidelines of the Development Cooperation Forum

16 April 2013
Vulnerable developing countries in the Post-2015 Development Agenda

16 January 2013
Interaction programme for LDC Ambassadors on LDC Leadership in Post-2015 Sustainable Development

Links

UN System Gateway on the MDGs

UN Secretary-General’s High-Level Panel on the Post-2015 Development Agenda

United Nations Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform

Open Working Group on the SDGs

Intergovernmental Committee of Experts on Sustainable Development Financing

UN System Task Team on the UN Post-2015 Development Agenda