Location: Central Asia

Capital: Tashkent

Population (2012): 28,394,180
Surface area: 447,400 sq km
Currency: Uzbekistani Soum
GDP per capita (2011): US $ 1,641
Economy – Overview:
Uzbekistan is a dry, landlocked country; 11% of the land is intensely cultivated, in irrigated river valleys. More than 60% of the population lives in densely populated rural communities. Export of hydrocarbons, primarily natural gas, provided 18.5% of foreign exchange earnings in 2011 and 35.1% in the first nine months of 2012. Other major export earners include gold and cotton. Uzbekistan is now the world’s second-largest cotton exporter and fifth largest producer.
Nevertheless, Uzbekistan enjoyed a bumper cotton crop in 2010 amidst record high prices. Potential investment by Russia and China in Uzbekistan’s gas and oil industry, as well as increased cooperation with South Korea in the realm of civil aviation, may boost growth prospects. However, decreased demand for natural gas in Europe and Russia in the wake of the global financial crisis could reduce energy-related revenues in the near term. According to official statistics, Uzbekistan has posted GDP growth of over 8% per year for several years, driven primarily by state-led investments and a favorable export environment. Growth may slip in 2013 as a result of lower export prices due to the continuing European recession. Uzbekistan has seen few effects from the global economic downturn, primarily due to its relative isolation from the global financial markets.
Human Development Index ranking (2012): 114 out of 186
Net Official Development Assistance (ODA) (2011): US $ 215 million
Top Three Donors of gross ODA: Japan, Germany, IDA
FDI inflows (2012): $1,094 million
Total External Debt (2011): US $ 8.4 billion
External debt stock (% of GNI) (2011): 17.8
Merchandise exports (2011): US$ 13,254 million
Terms of trade index (2012): 171.8
Major export commodities:
Cost to export per container (2013): US $ 4,585
HIPC Position (2013): Not eligible
United Nations Membership date: 2 March 1992
New York Mission:
Address: Permanent Mission of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the United Nations
801 Second Avenue, 20th Floor, New York, N.Y. 10017
Telephone: (212) 486-4242
Telefax: (212) 486-7998
e-mail: ashraf.uny@gmail.com
Correspondence: English
National holiday: 1 September, Independence Day