Solomon Islands

Region: Oceania-Melanesia

Capital: Honiara

Population: 609,883 (July 2014 CIA est.)

Surface area: 28,896 sq km

Currency: Solomon Islands dollar (SBD)

GDP per capita: Purchasing power parity US $3,400 (2013 CIA est.)

The UK established a protectorate over the Solomon Islands in the 1890s. Some of the bitterest fighting of World War II occurred on this archipelago. Self-government was achieved in 1976 and independence two years later. Ethnic violence, government malfeasance, and endemic crime have undermined stability and civil society. In June 2003, then Prime Minister Sir Allan Kemakeza sought the assistance of Australia in reestablishing law and order; the following month, an Australian-led multinational force arrived to restore peace and disarm ethnic militias. The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI) has generally been effective in restoring law and order and rebuilding government institutions.

Economy – overview:
The bulk of the population depends on agriculture, fishing, and forestry for at least part of its livelihood. Most manufactured goods and petroleum products must be imported. The islands are rich in undeveloped mineral resources such as lead, zinc, nickel, and gold. Prior to the arrival of The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI), severe ethnic violence, the closing of key businesses, and an empty government treasury culminated in economic collapse. RAMSI’s efforts to restore law and order and economic stability have led to modest growth as the economy rebuilds. (CIA, 2014)

Major Export Commodities: timber, fish, copra, palm oil, cocoa

Remittances inflows: US $17 million (World Bank 2012 est.)

Human Development Index 2013 ranking: 143 out of 186 countries (UNDP 2013)

Official Development Assistance and Major Development Partners:
Net ODA US $304,980,000.
Major development partners include: Australia, New Zealand, E.U. Institutions, Japan, AsDB Special Funds (World Bank 2012 est.)

Total External Debt: US $255.5 million (31 December 2011 CIA est.)

Life Expectancy at Birth: 74.89 years (CIA 2014)

Environmental Indicators:
Endangered Species (as a % of all species):14.8
Forested Area (percentage of land area):79.1
CO2 Emissions (tonnes per capita):0.4
(UNDP 2013)

United Nations Membership date: 19 September 1978

New York Mission:
Permanent Mission of  Solomon Islands to the United Nations
800 Second Avenue,Suite 400L
New York, N.Y.10017-4709 USA
Telephone: (212)-599-6192, -6193
Fax: 212-661-8925

CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.
World Development Indicators. World Bank
Development, Recipient Aid Charts. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development.
Human Development Report 2013.United Nations Development Programme.

Updated January 2015