Location: Southern Asia

Capital: Kathmandu

Population (2012):  29,890,686
Surface area: 147,181 sq km
Currency: Nepalese Rupee
GDP per capita (2011): US $ 607
Economy – Overview: Nepal is among the poorest and least developed countries in the world, with almost one-quarter of its population living below the poverty line. Agriculture is the mainstay of the economy, providing a livelihood for three-fourths of the population and accounting for about one-third of GDP. Industrial activity mainly involves the processing of agricultural products, including pulses, jute, sugarcane, tobacco, and grain. Nepal has considerable scope for exploiting its potential in hydropower, with an estimated 42,000 MW of feasible capacity, but political instability hampers foreign investment. Additional challenges to Nepal’s growth include its landlocked geographic location  and its susceptibility to natural disaster.
Human Development Index ranking (2012): 157 out of 186
Net Official Development Assistance (ODA) (2011): US $ 892 million
Top Three Donors of gross ODA: AsDF, IDA, Japan
FDI inflows (2012): $ 92 million
Total External Debt (2011): US $ 4 billion
External debt stock (% of GNI) (2011): 20.8
Merchandise exports (2011): US$ 919 million
Terms of trade index (2012): 77.7
Major export commodities: Flat-rolled products of iron or non-alloy steel, carpets, yarn
Cost to export per container (2013): US $ 1,975
HIPC Position (2012): Not eligible
United Nations Membership date: 14 December 1955
New York Mission:
Address: Permanent Mission of the Federal Democratic
Republic of Nepal to the United Nations
820 Second Avenue, Suite 17B (17th Floor), New York, N.Y. 10017
Telephone: (212) 370-3988, -3989
Telefax: (212) 953-2038
e-mail: nepal@un.int; nepalmissionusa@gmail.com
Correspondence: English