Region: Southern Africa
Capital: Lilongwe
Population (2011): 15,879,252
Surface area: 118,484 sq km
Currency: Malawian Kwacha
GDP per capita (2011): US $ 388

Economy – Overview:

The economy is predominately agricultural with about 80% of the population living in rural areas. Agriculture, which has benefited from fertilizer subsidies since 2006, accounts for more than one-third of GDP and 90% of export revenues. The performance of the tobacco sector is crucial to short-term growth as tobacco accounts for more than half of exports. The economy depends on substantial inflows of economic assistance from the IMF, the World Bank, and individual donor nations. In December 2007, the US granted Malawi eligibility status to receive financial support within the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) initiative. The government faces many challenges including developing a market economy, improving educational facilities, facing up to environmental problems. The government has announced infrastructure projects that could yield improvements, such as a new oil pipeline, for better fuel access, and the potential for a waterway link through Mozambican rivers to the ocean, for better transportation options. Since 2009, however, Malawi has experienced some setbacks, including a general shortage of foreign exchange, which has damaged its ability to pay for imports, and fuel shortages that hinder transportation and productivity. Investment fell 23% in 2009, and continued to decline in 2010.

Human Development Index ranking (2012): 170 out of 186
Net Official Development Assistance (ODA) (2011): US $ 804 million
Top Three Donors of gross ODA: United Kingdom, EU Institutions, United States
FDI inflows (2012): $ 129 million
Total External Debt (2011): US $ 1.2 billion
External debt stock (% of GNI) (2011): 22.3
Merchandise exports (2011): US$ 2,428 million
Terms of trade index (2012): 95.9
Major export commodities: Unmanufactured tobacco, Uranium, Tea
Cost to export per container (2013): US $ 2,175
HIPC Position (2013): Post Completion Point 

United Nations membership date: 1 December 1964

New York Mission:

Permanent Mission of the Republic of Malawi to the United Nations
866 United Nations Plaza, Suite 486
New York, N.Y.10017
Telephone: 212-317-8738, 8718
Fax: 212-317-8729

United Nations Statistics Division
OECD Creditor reporting System Database
UNCTADStat database
UNDP (2013) Human Development Report
World Bank (2013) HIPC at a Glance
World Bank World Development Indicators
World Bank (2013) Doing Business 2013

Updated July 2013