Location: Central Asia
Capital: Bishkek
Population (2012): 5,496,737
Surface area: 199,951 sq km
Currency: Som
GDP per capita (2011): US $ 1,098
Economy – Overview:
Kyrgyzstan is a  mountainous country with a dominant agricultural sector. Cotton, tobacco, wool, and meat are the main agricultural products, although only tobacco and cotton are exported in any quantity. Industrial exports include gold, mercury, uranium, natural gas, and electricity. The economy depends heavily on gold exports – mainly from output at the Kumtor gold mine. Following independence, Kyrgyzstan was progressive in carrying out market reforms, such as an improved regulatory system and land reform. Kyrgyzstan was the first Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) country to be accepted into the World Trade Organization. Much of the government’s stock in enterprises has been sold. Drops in production had been severe after the breakup of the Soviet Union in December 1991, but by mid-1995, production began to recover and exports began to increase. In 2005, the Bakiev government and international financial institutions initiated a comprehensive medium-term poverty reduction and economic growth strategy. The government made steady strides in controlling its substantial fiscal deficit, nearly closing the gap between revenues and expenditures in 2006, before boosting expenditures more than 20% in 2007-08. GDP grew about 8% annually in 2007-08, partly due to higher gold prices internationally, but slowed to 2.9% in 2009.
Shrinking trade and agricultural production, as well as political instability, caused GDP to contract about 3.5% in 2010. The fiscal deficit widened to 11% of GDP, reflecting significant increases in crisis-related spending, including both rehabilitation of damaged infrastructure and bank recapitalization. The economy grew 5.7% in 2011, but slowed to around 1% in 2012, primarily due to an 83% decrease in production from Kumtor. Progress in reconstruction, fighting corruption, restructuring domestic industry, and attracting foreign aid and investment are crucial to future growth.
Human Development Index ranking (2012): 125 out of 186
Net Official Development Assistance (ODA) (2011): US $ 523 million
Top Three Donors of gross ODA: Turkey, United States, AsDF
FDI inflows (2012): $ 372 million
Total External Debt (2011): US $ 5.5 billion
External debt stock (% of GNI) (2011): 77.9
Merchandise exports (2011): US$ 1,972 million
Terms of trade index (2012): 108.3
Major export commodities: Gold, petroleum oils, electrical energy
Cost to export per container (2013): US $ 4,160
HIPC Position (2012): not eligible
 
United Nations Membership date: 2 March 1992
 
New York Mission:
Address: Permanent Mission of the Kyrgyz Republic to the United Nations
866 United Nations Plaza, Suite 477, New York, N.Y. 10017
Telephone: (212) 486-4214, -4654
Telefax: (212) 486-5259
e-mail: kyrgyzstan@un.int
website: www.un.int/kyrgyzstan
Correspondence: English
National holiday: 31 August, Independence Day
 
 
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