Anguilla

Region:Caribbean

Capital: The Valley

Population:15,423 (July 2012 – CIA est.)

Surface Area: 102 sq km

Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)

GDP per capita: Purchasing power parity US $12,200 (2008 – CIA est.)

Background:
Colonized by English settlers from Saint Kitts in 1650, Anguilla was administered by Great Britain until the early 19th century, when the island – against the wishes of the inhabitants – was incorporated into a single British dependency, along with Saint Kitts and Nevis. Several attempts at separation failed. In 1971, two years after a revolt, Anguilla was finally allowed to secede; this arrangement was formally recognized in 1980, with Anguilla becoming a separate British dependency.

Economy – Overview:
Anguilla has few natural resources, and the economy depends heavily on luxury tourism, offshore banking, lobster fishing, and remittances from emigrants. Increased activity in the tourism industry has spurred the growth of the construction sector, contributing to economic growth. Anguillan officials have put substantial effort into developing the offshore financial sector, which is small, but growing. In the medium term, prospects for the economy will depend largely on the tourism sector and, therefore, on revived income growth in the industrialized nations as well as on favorable weather conditions.

Remittances: Not available

Human Development Index 2011 ranking: Not ranked

Official Development Assistance and Major Development Partners: Net ODA US $8 million. Major development partners include the European Community, the United Kingdom, and Canada. (OECD 2010)

Total External Debt: US $8.8 million (1998)

Life Expectancy:  80.98 years

Sources:

CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. www.cia.gov

World Development Indicators. World Bank www.worldbank.org

Development, Recipient Aid Charts. Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. www.oecd.org

Human Development Report 2011. United Nations Development Programme. www.undp.org

Updated July 2012