Region: Southern Asia
Population (2012): 30,419,928
 Surface area: 652,230 sq km
Currency: Afghani
GDP per capita (2011): US $ 586

Economy – overview: Afghanistan’s economy is recovering from decades of conflict. The economy has improved significantly since the fall of the Taliban regime in 2001 largely because of the infusion of international assistance, the recovery of the agricultural sector, and service sector growth.  Much of the population continues to suffer from shortages of housing, clean water, electricity, medical care, and jobs. Afghanistan’s living standards are among the lowest in the world. While the international community remains committed to Afghanistan’s development, pledging over $67 billion at four donors’ conferences since 2002, the Government of Afghanistan will need to overcome a number of challenges, including low revenue collection, anemic job creation, government capacity, and poor public infrastructure.

Human Development Index (HDI) ranking (2012): 175 out of 186
Net Official Development Assistance (ODA) (2011): US $ 6,711 million
Top Three Donors of gross ODA: United States, EU Institutions, United Kingdom
FDI inflows (2012): $ 94 million
Total External Debt (2011): US $ 2.6 billion
Merchandise exports (2011): US$ 376 million
Terms of trade index (2012): 139.1
Major export commodities: Carpets and other textile floor coverings
Cost to export per container (2013): US $ 3,545
HIPC Position (2013):  Post Completion Point

United Nations membership date: 19 November 1946

New York Mission:
Permanent Mission of the Islamic State of Afghanistan to the United Nations
360 Lexington Avenue, 11th Floor
New York, N.Y. 10017 USA
Telephone: 212-972-1212
Fax: 212-972-1216

United Nations Statistics Division
OECD Creditor reporting System Database
UNCTADStat database
UNDP (2013) Human Development Report
World Bank (2013) HIPC at a Glance
World Bank World Development Indicators
World Bank (2013) Doing Business 2013

Updated July 2013