Background and Mandate

Official Website: Second United Nations Conference on Landlocked Developing Countries

The General Assembly in its resolution 66/214 of 22 December 2011 and resolution 67/222 of 3 April 2013 decided to hold a comprehensive ten-year review Conference of the Almaty Programme of Action in 2014, in accordance with paragraph 49 of the Almaty Programme of Action and paragraph 32 of the Declaration on the midterm review.

The Conference will be preceded, where necessary, by regional and global as well as thematic preparations in a most effective, well-structured and broad participatory manner. Intergovernmental mechanisms at the global and regional levels, including those of the United Nations Regional Commissions, as well as relevant substantive material and statistical data, should be effectively utilized in the review process.

In the same resolution the General Assembly designated the UN Office of the High Representative for LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS (UN-OHRLLS) as the United Nations System-wide focal point for the preparatory review process and noted that United Nations system organizations, including UNCTAD, UNDP, Regional Commissions and relevant international and regional development and financial organizations, within their respective mandate, should provide necessary support and actively contribute to the preparatory review process and the comprehensive ten-year review conference itself.

Modalities, such as date and venue of the Conference, and the venue, duration and dates of the intergovernmental preparatory committee meetings, will be decided upon during the current sixty-eight session of the General Assembly.

Background documentation

Preparatory Process

Preparations for the conference will take place at national, regional and global levels. The preparatory process will have the following main components:

Intergovernmental track

Intergovernmental Preparatory Committee

The Intergovernmental Preparatory Committee of the Conference will meet to appraise the implementation of the Almaty Programme of Action and prepare the Outcome Document for consideration and adoption by the Conference. Two two-day sessions of the Committee will be held in 2014 in New York.

Regional Review Meetings

Three regional review meetings on the implementation of the Almaty Programme of Action will take place in 2013. The reviews will undertake assessments of the implementation of the Almaty Programme of Action in the regions, provide an important opportunity for sharing experiences and lessons learned on challenges faced by LLDCs in each region and identify recommendations for appropriate strategies and mechanisms to address these challenges. The outcome of the regional level preparations will feed into the global review process. United Nations Regional Commissions will coordinate the regional reviews, in cooperation with countries and OHRLLS.

National Preparations

Landlocked developing countries will prepare national reviews on the implementation of the Almaty Programme of Action that will serve to enrich the regional and global discussions.  

  • Guidelines for the preparation of national review report by the Landlocked Developing Countries [EN] [FR]

Inter-Agency track

Inter-Agency Consultative Group Meetings, involving UN agencies and other international organizations, will meet on a regular basis with a view to build consensus on the conceptual framework and other organizational aspects of the preparatory process and the Conference. Two meeting will take place in both 2012 and 2013, with a final fifth meeting in 2014.

 Private sector track

The purpose of the private sector track for the Conference is to ensure that private sector representatives are actively engaged during all stages of the preparatory process and at the Conference itself, in particular with a view to helping identify concrete, action-oriented proposals addressing LLDC-specific problems and challenges in the area of trade and trade facilitation, transport, investment and enterprise development. These proposals will contribute to the formulation of innovative strategies and policy recommendations that will form the new development framework to be adopted at the Conference.

A Private Sector Steering Committee, set up by OHRLLS and International Chamber of Commerce guides the organization of the private sector track. Its aim is to act as a platform for building common position of the private sector, guide the participation and representation of the private sector throughout the preparatory process and coordinate private sector input to the substantive discussions on the outcome document of the Conference. The Steering Committee consists of members from Chambers of Commerce, business representatives, promotion agencies and investor from LLDCs, transit developing countries and donor countries, and representatives from international organizations.

Thematic pre-conference events

A number of pre-conference events on selected thematic areas will be organized during 2013/2014 in the lead up to the Ten-Year Review Conference on the Implementation of the Almaty Programme of Action. List of the events will be continuously updated.

Pre-conference Event Organizer Date and Venue
Fourth Meeting Of Ministers Of Trade Of Landlocked Developing Countries
12 September 2012, Almaty, Kazakhstan
High-Level Thematic Meeting On International Trade, Trade Facilitation And Aid-for-Trade
13-14 September 2012, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Road and Rail Financing Conference
25 February 2013, Geneva
Second Ministerial Conference Euro-Asian Transport Links (EATL)
26 February 2013, Geneva
Brainstorming Meeting on the Priorities for a New Development Agenda for the Landlocked Developing Countries
20-21 March 2013, New York
27-28 May 2013, China
Pre-conference Event on Transport Development and Trade Facilitation UN-OHRLLS, World Bank 13 June 2013, Washington, D.C.
Renewing Global Partnerships for Connecting LLDCs to the World Markets – ECOSOC side event UN-OHRLLS
3 July 2013, Geneva
Experts Group Meeting on assessing the status of implementation of trade and transport facilitation instruments and measures in Africa UN-ECA 15 July 2013, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
International Road Transport Union (IRU)
17-19 September 2013, Dushanbe, Tajikistan
UN-OHRLLS, UNCCD, UNFCCC 18 September 2013, Namibia
Expert Group meeting on Transport and Logistics Innovations for LLDCs UNCTAD 22-24 October 2013, Geneva
Enhancing ICT development and connectivity for LLDCs UN-OHRLLS and ITU 31 October 2013, Nairobi, Kenya
Launch of South-South Technology Transfer Facility for LLDCs UN-OHRLLS and UN Office for South-South Cooperation 31 October 2013, Nairobi, Kenya
Enhancing productive capacities in LLDCs
April 2014 TBC
World Investment Forum – special session dedicated to LLDCs
Week of 13 October 2014